Dog Language
- by Carol Benjamin

1. Play Bow: enlongated position with forelegs on the ground, rump in the air, inviting play.
2. Pawing: a submissive or friendly gesture.
3. Panting: to cool the body and also express friendliness.
4. Mobbing: licking when he/she is glad to see you (think mother and puppies).
5. Submissive: posturing, ears back, tail tucked, hind legs up, roll unto back, neck and stomach exposed, dog urinating.
6. Tail wagging: friendliness, held low is submission, tip wagging, not sure of our reaction.
7. Tail Tucking: submission and fear.
8. Hackles Raised: Anger - seen as ears forward, tail high, up on toes, hackles raised.
Fear – ears back, tail tucked, rounded back. Mixed dangerous.
9. Mr. T: dominate dog will form a 'T' by leaning on another dog’s back with his muzzle.
10. Mounting: a display of dominance.
11. Submissive Grin: caught in the act grin or acknowledging submission.
12. Laugh Face: an open mouth, happy look, inviting play.
13. Meaningful Sounds: grunts, snuffs, hoots, etc. to express feelings.
14. Eye Expression: you can see what a dog is feeling by his eyes.
15. Working/Herding: may be independent dogs, have strong personalities, love to work.
16. Sporting: eager to please, responsive, active.
17. Non Sporting: varied personalities.
18. Toys: people oriented, need direction and consistent discipline, regardless of size.
19. Hound: may not be as responsive as other breeds, can be a challenge.